Stability in the 21st Century

Global Food Security for Peace and Prosperity

Stability in the 21st Century

Global Food Security for Peace and Prosperity

The world today faces enormous challenges, including the threats of rapidly increasing instability, conflict, and migration as a result of inadequate food supplies and water scarcity.

To combat these threats, a commitment to global food and nutrition security is more important than ever

The United States—together with its allies—has never been better equipped to expand its historical commitment to food and nutrition security.

A US commitment to global food security will:

Protect America’s national security

Open up new business opportunities and partnerships in emerging  economies

Enable millions of rural families to permanently climb out of hunger and poverty

Food security promotes national security

Food price–related unrest can have an immense impact on the stability of countries vital to US interests, as food price shocks can lead to both nonviolent and armed conflict.

Food prices and food-related protests, 1990-2015

Extreme food price volatility correlates with the occurrence of food-related protests and riots.

Source: Hendrix, 2016. Food price data are from the FAO. Protests and riots data are from the World Bank Food Price Crisis Observatory (2015) and only cover 2007-14.

Food price-related unrest can have an immense impact on a country's stability...

...as food price shocks can lead to both nonviolent and armed conflict.
 

Food insecurity can also be a powerful driver for migration...

...as people flee hunger and poverty in search of a better life.
 

Food insecurity can also be a powerful driver for migration...
Countries with sustained development progress and greater food security...

...are less susceptible to volatility and violence. Many have also become US allies.

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Food security promotes economic growth and new markets

Global growth creates stronger markets for American goods and services. As economies grow, so does their demand for products.

RISING
DEMAND

Rising incomes and changing diets in low-income countries are leading to demand for more and increasingly diverse as well as more nutritious foods.

INCREASING EXPORTS

Growing demand is not limited to the food and agriculture sector. Today, low- and middle-income countries account for half of the global economy, and they purchase more than half of US exports.

EMERGING
ECONOMIES

In Africa alone, the value of the agriculture and food sector is expected to reach $1 trillion by 2030.

Agricultural development spurs improvements in health and well-being

Low- and middle-income countries have made unprecedented gains in hunger and poverty alleviation in the last few decades, and agricultural development has been at the heart of this progress.

1 Billion Have Moved Out of Poverty

Agricultural production has, on average, almost doubled in low- and middle-income countries since 1995, and more than one billion people had been lifted out of poverty. The share of chronically hungry has dropped from 23% to 13% in low- and middle-income countries.

2x as Effective as Reducing Poverty as Investments in Other Sectors

Investments in agricultural development are highly cost-effective and have been proven to be more than twice as effective at reducing poverty as investments in other sectors.

Current challenges must be met

While great progress has been made, obstacles loom large.

  • Youth Bulge

  • Climate Pressures

  • Increasing Demand

A large and increasing share of populations in much of Africa and South Asia will be comprised of adolescents and young adults—known as a “youth bulge.” A thriving food and agriculture sector, while by no means a silver bullet, can offer a source of employment throughout agricultural supply chains.

Average age 21-24

Average age 18-20

Average age <18

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UN, 2015

By 2050 more than half of the world’s population will live in water-stressed areas, and about a billion or more people will have insufficient water resources.
 

The global population is growing rapidly and will reach 8 billion by 2024 and 10 billion by 2056. Average cereal yields required in low-yield countries will need to increase to meet demand.
 

The consequences of inattention to these challenges are catastrophic

Hunger, poverty, displacement, and instability have tremendous national and global implications, as current trends make clear.

20+ million people

in four countries alone are currently at risk of famine and starvation.

65.3 million people

worldwide are currently displaced.
 

Years of drought

preceded conflict in Syria, which left numerous Syrian farmers without food or income, and added fuel to the coming crisis.

The United States must strengthen its commitment to ending hunger and malnutrition

The crises and challenges facing the world and threatening food and nutrition security continue to call for action by the US government. Now is the time to commit to the leadership necessary to achieve a food-secure world.

Recommendations

1. Make global food and nutrition security a pillar of US diplomatic and national security engagement.

2. Prioritize public research investments to unlock innovation.
 

3. Amplify the power of the private sector to transform food and nutrition security.
 

4. Ensure efficiency in assistance programs and build countries’ capacity.